One of the core principles of the Landscape toolbox is that it should be built upon a foundation of peer-reviewed science. Below are some of the publications and software tools related to the Landscape Toolbox project.


Gillan, J. K., Karl, J. W., Duniway, M., & Elaksher, A. (2014). Modeling vegetation heights from high resolution stereo aerial photography: An application for broad-scale rangeland monitoring. Journal of Environmental Management, 144, 226–235. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.05.028 Cite
Karl, J. W., Gillan, J. K., Barger, N. N., Herrick, J. E., & Duniway, M. C. (2014). Interpretation of high-resolution imagery for detecting vegetation cover composition change after fuels reduction treatments in woodlands. Ecological Indicators, 45, 570–578. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2014.05.017 Cite
Karl, J. W., Taylor, J., & Bobo, M. (2014). A double-sampling approach to deriving training and validation data for remotely-sensed vegetation products. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 35(5), 1936–1955. doi:10.1080/01431161.2014.880820 Cite


Herrick, J. E., Urama, K. C., Karl, J. W., Boos, J., Johnson, M. V., Shepherd, K. D., … West, L. T. (2013). A Land-Potential Knowledge System (LandPKS) Based on Local and Scientific Knowledge of Land Productivity and Resilience. Presented at the UNCCD Scientific Conference, United National Convention to Combat Desertification. Cite
Herrick, J. E., Urama, K. C., Karl, J. W., Boos, J., Johnson, M. V., Shepherd, K. D., … West, L. T. (2013). The global Land-Potential Knowledge System (LandPKS): supporting evidence-based, site-specific land use and management through cloud computing, mobile apps and crowdsourcing. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 68, 5A–12A. doi:10.2489/jswc.68.1.5A Cite
Karl, J. W., & Herrick, J. E. (2013). Rangeland Mashups and Wikicology? Implementing collaborative internet technologies for rangeland management. Rangelands, 35, 1–11. doi:10.2111/RANGELANDS-D-12-00069.1 Cite


Herrick, J. E., Brown, J. R., Bestelmeyer, B. T., Andrews, S. S., Baldi, G., Davies, J., … Twomlow, S. (2012). Revolutionary Land Use Change in the 21st Century: Is (Rangeland) Science Relevant? Rangeland Ecology & Management, 65, 590–598. doi:10.2111/rem-d-11-00186.1 Cite
Herrick, J. E., Duniway, M. C., Pyke, D. A., Bestelmeyer, B. T., Wills, S. A., Brown, J. R., … Havstad, K. M. (2012). A holistic strategy for adaptive management. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 67(4), 105A–113A. doi:10.2489/jswc.67.4.105A Cite
Karl, J. W., Duniway, M. C., Nusser, S. M., Opsomer, J. D., & Unnasch, R. S. (2012). Using Very-Large Scale Aerial (VLSA) Imagery for Rangeland Monitoring and Assessment: Some Statistical Considerations. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 65, 330–339. doi:10.2111/rem-d-11-00102.1 Cite
Karl, J. W., Duniway, M. C., & Schrader, T. S. (2012). A technique for estimating rangeland canopy-gap size distributions from very-high-resolution digital imagery. Rangeland Ecology and Management, 65(2), 196–207. doi:10.2111/REM-D-11-00006.1 Cite
Karl, J. W., Herrick, J. E., & Browning, D. (2012). A strategy for rangeland management based on best-available knowledge and information. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 65, 638–646. doi:10.2111/REM-D-12-00021.1 Cite
Taylor, J. J., Toevs, G. R., Karl, J. W., Bobo, M. R., Karl, M. S., Miller, S. N., & Spurrier, C. (2012). AIM-Monitoring: a component of the National Assessment, Inventory, and Monitoring Strategy. Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, National Operations Center. Cite


Booth, D. T., & Cox, S. E. (2011). Art to Science: Tools for Greater Objectivity in Resource Monitoring. Rangelands, 33, 27–34. doi:10.2111/1551-501x-33.4.27 Cite
Courtright, E. M., & Van Zee, J. W. (2011). The Database for Inventory, Monitoring, and Assessment (DIMA). Rangelands, 33, 21–26. doi:10.2111/1551-501x-33.4.21 Cite
Goodrich, D. C., Guertin, D. P., Burns, I. S., Nearing, M. A., Stone, J. J., Wei, H., … Jolley, L. (2011). AGWA: The Automated Geospatial Watershed Assessment Tool to Inform Rangeland Management. Rangelands, 33, 41–47. doi:10.2111/1551-501x-33.4.41 Cite
Hutchinson, B., Pfander, J., Tanaka, J., & Clark, J. (2011). Rangelands West/Global Rangelands, eXtension Rangelands, and the Range Science Information System: A Suite of New Web Resources. Rangelands, 33, 55–63. doi:10.2111/1551-501x-33.4.55 Cite
Karl, J. W. (2011). Turning Information Into Knowledge for Rangeland Management. Rangelands, 33, 3–5. doi:10.2111/1551-501x-33.4.3 Cite
Karl, J. W., Colson, K., & Swartz, H. (2011). Rangeland Assessment and Monitoring Methods Guide. Rangelands, 33, 48–54. doi:10.2111/1551-501x-33.4.48 Cite
Riginos, C., Herrick, J. E., Sundaresan, S. R., Farley, C., & Belnap, J. (2011). A Simple Graphical Approach to Quantitative Monitoring of Rangelands. Rangelands, 33, 6–13. doi:10.2111/1551-501x-33.4.6 Cite
Schrader, T. S., & Duniway, M. C. (2011). Image Interpreter Tool: An ArcGIS Tool for Estimating Vegetation Cover From High-Resolution Imagery. Rangelands, 33, 35–40. doi:10.2111/1551-501x-33.4.35 Cite
Toevs, G. R., Karl, J. W., Taylor, J. J., Spurrier, C. S., Karl, M. “Sherm,” Bobo, M. R., & Herrick, J. E. (2011). Consistent Indicators and Methods and a Scalable Sample Design to Meet Assessment, Inventory, and Monitoring Information Needs Across Scales. Rangelands, 33, 14–20. doi:10.2111/1551-501x-33.4.14 Cite
Duniway, M. C., Karl, J. W., Schrader, S., Baquera, N., & Herrick, J. E. (2011). Rangeland and pasture monitoring: an approach to interpretation of high-resolution imagery focused on observer calibration for repeatability. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 184(6), 3789–3804. doi:10.1007/s10661-011-2224-2 Cite
Mackinnon, W. C., Karl, J. W., Toevs, G. R., Taylor, J. J., Karl, M. S., Spurrier, C. S., & Herrick, J. E. (2011). BLM core terrestrial indcators and methods (No. Tech Note 440). Denver, CO: US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, National Operations Center. Retrieved from Cite


Bestelmeyer, B. T., & Brown, J. R. (2010). An Introduction to the Special Issue on Ecological Sites. Rangelands, 32, 3–4. doi:10.2111/RANGELANDS-D-10-00088.1 Cite
Bestelmeyer, B. T., Moseley, K., Shaver, P. L., Sanchez, H., Briske, D. D., & Fernandez-Gimenez, M. E. (2010). Practical Guidance for Developing State-and-Transition Models. Rangelands, 32, 23–30. doi:10.2111/RANGELANDS-D-10-00077.1 Cite
Brown, J. R. (2010). Ecological Sites: Their History, Status, and Future. Rangelands, 32, 5–8. doi:10.2111/RANGELANDS-D-10-00089.1 Cite
Duniway, M. C., Bestelmeyer, B. T., & Tugel, A. (2010). Soil Processes and Properties That Distinguish Ecological Sites and States. Rangelands, 32, 9–15. doi:10.2111/RANGELANDS-D-10-00090.1 Cite
Gilgert, W., & Zack, S. (2010). Integrating Multiple Ecosystem Services Into Ecological Site Descriptions. Rangelands, 32, 49–54. doi:10.2111/RANGELANDS-D-10-00086.1 Cite
Karl, J. W. (2010). Spatial predictions of cover attributes of rangeland ecosystems using regression kriging and remote sensing. Rangeland Ecology and Management, 63, 335–349. doi:10.2111/RED-D-09-00074.1 Cite
Karl, J. W., & Herrick, J. E. (2010). Monitoring and Assessment Based on Ecological Sites. Rangelands, 32, 60–64. doi:10.2111/RANGELANDS-D-10-00082.1 Cite
Karl, J. W., Herrick, J. E., Eaton, M., & Mackinnon, C. (2010). Uses and benefits of consistent indicators and scalable sample design for NLCS local-to-national data needs. In M. Eaton & P. B. Landres (Eds.), . Presented at the Decade of Discovery in the National Landscape Conservation System, Fort Collins, CO: USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station. Cite
Karl, J. W., Laliberte, A. S., & Rango, A. (2010). Spatial dependence of predictions from image segmentation: a method to determine appropriate scales for producing land-management information (Vol. Vol. XXXVIII-4/C7). Presented at the GEOBIA 2010. Cite
Karl, J. W., & Maurer, B. A. (2010). Multivariate correlations between imagery and field measurements across scales: comparing pixel aggregation and image segmentation. Landscape Ecology, 24, 591–605. doi:10.1007/s10980-009-9439-4 Cite
Karl, J. W., & Maurer, B. A. (2010). Spatial dependence of predictions from image segmentation: a variogram-based method to determine appropriate scales for producing land-management informatino. Ecological Informatics, 5, 194–202. doi:10.1016/j.ecoinf.2010.02.004 Cite
Knapp, C. N., Fernandez-Gimenez, M. E., & Kachergis, E. (2010). The Role of Local Knowledge in State-and-Transition Model Development. Rangelands, 32, 31–36. doi:10.2111/RANGELANDS-D-10-00083.1 Cite
Moseley, K., Shaver, P. L., Sanchez, H., & Bestelmeyer, B. T. (2010). Ecological Site Development: A Gentle Introduction. Rangelands, 32, 16–22. doi:10.2111/RANGELANDS-D-10-00087.1 Cite
Stringham, T. K., & Repp, J. P. (2010). Ecological Site Descriptions: Consideration for Riparian Systems. Rangelands, 32, 43–48. doi:10.2111/RANGELANDS-D-10-00085.1 Cite
Talbot, C. J., Campbell, S. B., Hansen, M., & Price, A. B. (2010). Information Technologies and Ecological Site Descriptions. Rangelands, 32, 55–59. doi:10.2111/RANGELANDS-D-10-00084.1 Cite
Townsend, L. (2010). Ecological Site Descriptions: Developmental Considerations for Woodlands and Forests. Rangelands, 32, 37–42. doi:10.2111/RANGELANDS-D-10-00079.1 Cite

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